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Kevin Winschel
Kevin Winschel

Farming USA: How to Find Land, Funding, and Support for Your Farm

Farming in the USA: An Overview

Farming is the process of producing food and other products by growing plants and raising animals. It is also called agriculture. Farming is a vital industry in the United States, which is a net exporter of food and a global leader in crop production. Farming contributes to the US economy, food security, and rural development. However, farming also faces many challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. In this article, we will explore some of the statistics, challenges, trends, and benefits of farming in the USA.

Farming Statistics

According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), there were 2.04 million farms in the US in 2017, covering an area of 900 million acres. The average farm size was 441 acres. The majority of farms (97%) were family owned and operated. The total value of agricultural products sold in 2017 was $389 billion, of which $140 billion were crops and $249 billion were livestock. The top five crops by value were corn, soybeans, hay, wheat, and cotton. The top five livestock by value were cattle and calves, poultry and eggs, milk, hogs and pigs, and sheep and lambs.

farming usa

Farming Challenges

US farmers face many challenges in their daily operations and long-term viability. Some of these challenges include:

  • Climate change. Climate change affects farming in various ways, such as changing weather patterns, increasing droughts and floods, altering pest and disease pressures, and reducing crop yields and quality.

  • Trade wars. Trade wars between the US and other countries, such as China, have disrupted agricultural markets and reduced export opportunities for US farmers. Trade wars also increase uncertainty and risk for farmers who depend on global demand for their products.

  • Input costs. Input costs are the expenses that farmers incur to produce their products, such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, feed, fuel, labor, machinery, and land. Input costs have been rising faster than farm income in recent years, squeezing farm profitability and cash flow.

  • Market volatility. Market volatility refers to the fluctuations in prices and quantities of agricultural products due to supply and demand factors. Market volatility can create challenges for farmers who need to plan ahead and manage their finances. Market volatility can also affect farm income stability and risk management strategies.

Farming Trends

Despite the challenges they face, US farmers are also adapting to changing conditions and embracing new opportunities. Some of these trends include:

  • Precision farming. Precision farming is the use of data-driven technologies to optimize farm management decisions and practices. Precision farming can improve farm efficiency, productivity, profitability, sustainability, and traceability. Examples of precision farming technologies include GPS-guided machinery, drones, sensors, soil testing kits, irrigation systems, weather stations, yield monitors, and software applications.

  • Biotechnology. Biotechnology is the use of biological processes or organisms to create or modify products or systems. Biotechnology can enhance crop and animal traits, such as yield, quality, resistance to pests and diseases, tolerance to stress, and nutritional value. Examples of biotechnology products include genetically modified crops, transgenic animals, biofuels, biopesticides, and biofertilizers.

Renewable energy. Renewable energy is energy derived from natural sources that are replenished constantly, such as solar, wind, hydro, biomass, and geothermal Renewable energy. Renewable energy is energy derived from natural sources that are replenished constantly, such as solar, wind, hydro, biomass, and geothermal. Renewable energy can help farmers reduce their dependence on fossil fuels, lower their greenhouse gas emissions, and save money on their energy bills. Renewable energy can also create new income streams for farmers who sell their excess power to the grid or use it to produce value-added products. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), some farms are using renewable resources to produce energy, such as wind turbines, methane digesters, and photovoltaics. The most common on-farm renewables are: - Wind power. Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into electricity using wind turbines. Wind power can provide a steady and reliable source of income for farmers who lease their land to wind developers or own their own turbines. Wind power can also help farmers diversify their crops and protect them from price fluctuations. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), wind energy alone could provide 80,000 new jobs and $1.2 billion in new income for farmers and rural landowners by 2020. - Solar power. Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity using photovoltaic (PV) panels or solar thermal collectors. Solar power can help farmers reduce their electricity costs and increase their energy independence. Solar power can also be used for various farm applications, such as pumping water, heating buildings, drying crops, and powering equipment. According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), profitable, clean, and efficient farming starts with renewable energy sources, sustainably produced biofuels. - Biomass power. Biomass power is the conversion of organic matter into electricity or heat using combustion, gasification, or anaerobic digestion. Biomass power can help farmers utilize their waste products, such as manure, crop residues, wood chips, and animal fats. Biomass power can also produce valuable by-products, such as biofuels, biopesticides, and biofertilizers. According to JISEA, anaerobic digestion can offer many benefits for Colorado dairies, such as producing biogas, improving air and water quality, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Farming Benefits

Farming not only provides food and income for millions of Americans, but also benefits the environment, society, and rural communities in many ways. Some of these benefits include:

  • Conservation. Farming can help conserve natural resources and biodiversity by adopting sustainable practices, such as crop rotation, cover cropping, no-till farming, integrated pest management, organic farming, and agroforestry. These practices can enhance soil health, water quality, carbon sequestration, wildlife habitat, and pollination services.

  • Nutrition. Farming can help improve nutrition and food security by producing a variety of healthy and fresh foods for local and global markets. Farming can also support local food systems and networks, such as farmers' markets, community-supported agriculture, food hubs, and farm-to-school programs. These systems can increase access to affordable and nutritious foods, especially for low-income and underserved populations.

  • Job creation. Farming can help create jobs and economic opportunities for rural communities by supporting direct and indirect employment in the agricultural sector. Farming can also stimulate other sectors of the economy, such as manufacturing, transportation, retail, and services. Farming can also attract tourism and recreation activities, such as agritourism, farm stays, and hunting.


Farming in the USA is a dynamic and diverse industry that plays a crucial role in the nation's economy, food security, and rural development. Farming also faces many challenges and opportunities in the 21st century, such as climate change, trade wars, input costs, and market volatility. Farming also adapts to changing conditions and embraces new opportunities, such as precision farming, biotechnology, and renewable energy. Farming also benefits the environment, society, and rural communities, such as conservation, nutrition, and job creation. Farming in the USA is an overview of the statistics, challenges, trends, and benefits of farming in the USA.


Here are some common questions and answers about farming in the USA:

How much does farming contribute to the US GDP?

According to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), the value added by the agricultural sector was $136.1 billion in 2019, or about 0.6% of the US gross domestic product (GDP). However, this does not include the value added by other industries that use agricultural inputs I have already written the article on farming in the USA, as per your instructions. I have created two tables: one for the outline of the article, and one for the article itself, with HTML formatting. I have also written a custom message at the bottom of the article, saying "

Outline of the article

  • Introduction: What is farming and why is it important for the US economy and food security?

  • Farming statistics: How many farms are there in the US, how much land do they cover, and what are the main crops and livestock they produce?

  • Farming challenges: What are some of the major issues facing US farmers today, such as climate change, trade wars, input costs, and market volatility?

  • Farming trends: What are some of the emerging technologies and innovations that are transforming US agriculture, such as precision farming, biotechnology, and renewable energy?

  • Farming benefits: What are some of the advantages of farming for the environment, society, and rural communities, such as conservation, nutrition, and job creation?

Conclusion: Summarize the main points of the article and provide some recommendations for future research or action.</


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